• Color: White
  • Grape Parentage: unconfirmed (genetic testing suggests a close relationship with Loureiro and a parental relationship with Caíño Blanco)
  • Place of Origin: Galicia/Minho (a competing theory suggests that Albariño is a Riesling clone, brought to the region by monks traveling from Germany along the Camino de Santiago, or Pilgrims’ Road, but modern DNA study does not support this)
  • Origin of Grape Name: “White wine from the Rhein” (“alba” + “riño”)
  • Major Countries of Production:
    • Spain: 5,320 hectares (2007, Observatorio español del Mercado del Vino/OeMV)
      • Galicia
    • Portugal: 2,340 ha (2010, Wine Grapes)
      • Vinho Verde (Monção e Melgaço subzone)
    • Note: DNA evidence has conclusively proven that “Albariño” in Australia is actually Savagnin
  • Synonyms:
    • Spain: Galego, Azal Blanco, Albelleiro, Alvarin Blanco
    • Portugal: Alvarinho, Galeguinho
  • Viticultural Characteristics: Susceptible to Downy and Powdery Mildew, Moderate Vigor, Early- to Mid-Ripening, 
  • Preferred Soil Type: sand and alluvial topsoils with rocky subsoil (such as granite)
  • Common Blending Partners: Treixadura, Loureiro, Caíño Blanco

Typical Descriptors and Structure for Rías Baixas Albariño
(without barrique) 

  • Visual: Pale Straw with Hints of Green, Moderate Minus Concentration, Slight Residual Gas (in youth)
  • Aromas/Flavors: Moderate Plus Intensity
    • Fruit: Ripe Citrus (Orange, Meyer Lemon, Ruby Red Grapefruit), Stone Fruit (White Peach, Peach Pit, Apricot, Nectarine), Green Apple, Melon
    • Floral: White and Yellow Flowers, Citrus and Apple Blossoms
    • Other: Bubblegum, Agave, Slight Beer Yeast, Leesy, Saline, Possible ML fermentation
    • Earth: Moderate Plus Minerality
    • Oak: None

Structure: Dry, Moderate Body, Elevated Acidity, Moderate Alcohol, Phenolic Bitterness

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