• Color: Red
  • Grape Parentage: Albillo Mayor x Benedicto (announced August 2012)
  • Place of Origin: Spain
  • Origin of Grape Name: “Tempranillo” derives from the Spanish temprano, or “early”
  • Major Countries of Production: 
    • Spain: 206,988 hectares (2007, Observatorio español del Mercado del Vino/OeMV)
    • Portugal: approx. 17,000 hectares (2010, Wine Grapes)
    • Argentina: 6,344 hectares (2015, Argentina Harvest Report, English Version)
  • Synonyms: 
    • Spain: Cencibel (Valdepeñas), Tinto Fino (Ribera del Duero), Tinto del País (Ribera del Duero), Tinta de Toro (Toro), Ull de Llebre/Ojo de Liebre (Catalonia), Jacivera (Manchuela), Tinto Madrid, Grenache de Logrono (Rioja)
    • Portugal: Aragonez (Alentejo), Tinto Roriz (Douro Valley), Tinto de Santiago (Península de Setúbal)
    • Argentina: Tempranilla
  • Viticultural Characteristics: Early-Budding, Early-Ripening, Susceptible to Rot and Disease
  • Preferred Soil Type: Calcareous soils
  • Common Blending Partners: Garnacha, Graciano, Carignan

Typical Descriptors and Structure for Rioja
(100% Tempranillo or Tempranillo-dominated blend) 

  • Visual: Ruby, Moderate Minus to Moderate Concentration
  • Aromas/Flavors: Moderate Plus Intensity
    • Fruit: Tart/Sweet Red Fruit (Red Cherry, Strawberry, Red Currant), Sour Asian Plum, Dried Plum
    • Significant Oxidation and Brettanomyces for Gran Reserva Styles
    • Floral: Red and Dried Flowers
    • Herbal: Tobacco, Dill
    • Other: Sweet and Sour Sauce, Iodine, Leather, Spice
    • Earth: Moderate to High Minerality, Baked Earth, Clay, Compost
    • Oak: Low to Moderate Use of New American or Mixed American/French Barrels (Long Aging in Oak for Reserva and Gran Reserva Styles), Vanilla, Coconut, Dill, Cumin, Curry, Fenugreek, Sandalwood
  • Structure: Dry, Moderate Plus Body, Elevated Tannin, Moderate to Elevated Acidity, Moderate to Elevated Alcohol

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